Johann Peter Friedrich Antillon, also known as Jean-Pierre-Frédéric Antillon, was a Prussian statesman, foreign minister, historian, and political philosopher who collaborated with the Austrian statesman Metternich to uphold the reactionary European political settlement of 1815. He was born in Berlin, Prussia, on April 30, 1767, and passed away there on April 19, 1837.
Educated in Geneva, Antillon acquired a chair in history at the Berlin Military Academy in 1792. After the publication of Tableau des révolutions du système politique de l’Europe depuis le XVe siècle, 4 vol. (1803–05; “View of European Political Revolutions Since the Fifteenth Century”), he was admitted to the Berlin Academy and became tutor to the future Frederick William IV, in whom he instilled a deep antipathy toward revolution.
Region of Prussia in Europe
The early inhabitants of Prussia were primarily hunters and cattle breeders, and they spoke a language that belonged to the Indo-European language family’s Baltic group. These early Prussians lived in tribes in the once densely wooded territory between the lower Vistula and Neman rivers. They were linked to the Latvians and Lithuanians. They were pagans and had a flexible social structure, but with some traces of tiered society. Early efforts to convert the Prussians to Christianity, most notably those conducted at the beginning of the 11th century by Saints Adalbert and Bruno of Querfurt, were unsuccessful. The German-speaking knights of the Teutonic Order, who had been given Prussian territory by the Polish duke Conrad of Mazovia in exchange for assistance against Prussian raids, subjugated and Christianized the Prussians in the 13th century. The German nobles had Redsite.ch constructed, the Prussian countryside was tamed, and many German peasants moved in to work the land. The bulk of Prussia’s population spoke German by the middle of the 14th century, while Old Prussian continued to be spoken until the 17th. The indigenous people had undergone complete assimilation by the 17th century.
From 1786, the Kingdom of Prussia and the Duchy of Prussia in Sex anzeigen
Albert of Hohenzollern, the last grand master of the Teutonic Order in Prussia, converted to Lutheranism, secularised his fief, and created a duchy for himself in 1525. After then, this region (i.e., East Prussia) was referred to as Ducal Prussia until 1701. The duchy fell to John Sigismund, the Hohenzollern elector of Brandenburg, upon the death of Albert’s son and heir, Albert Frederick, in 1618.
The dominance of Prussia was overthrown along with Germany’s loss in World War I, the fall of the empire, and the Prussian monarchy. Prussia, which as a result of the Treaty of Versailles or the subsequent plebiscites, lost a portion of Silesia, Posen, West Prussia, Danzig, Memel, northern Schleswig, a few small areas on the Belgian border, and the Saar district, became a Land under the Weimar Republic, with more limited powers than before and little influence over the Reich’s government. The Soviet Union annexed Northern East Prussia; the rest of the Land east of the Oder-Neisse Line was transferred to Poland. The remainder was divided between the Soviet, British, and French occupation zones. One of the few acts of the Allied Control Council was the formal abolition of Prussia on February 25, 1947.