A sump pump is a unique and essential device designed to protect homes from water damage. It is typically installed in the basement or crawlspace of a building, and its purpose is to remove excess water that may accumulate in these areas. The pump collects water in a basin, known as a sump, and then pumps the water out and away from the building.
This helps prevent water damage and protects against mold, mildew, and other harmful substances that can grow in damp environments. Sump pumps are available in various styles, including submersible and pedestal models, and can be powered by electricity, battery, or water pressure. They are typically easy to install and maintain and provide an effective solution to a common problem that affects many homes. With its unique design and essential function, the sump pump is an important component of any home protection plan.
The pump may not even turn on for years, if ever, in areas with low groundwater levels. Even though many homeowners have sump pumps, many aren’t aware they have them. The fact that a house has a sump pump doesn’t necessarily mean that it’s in trouble. A sump pump may be a component of an overall water management system for your home.
The best way to keep your house in good shape is to locate your sump pump, understand its operations, and do sump pump maintenance.
Sump Pump, What is it?
Sump pumps are small, electric-powered water pumps set in a lined hole called a sump pit. Designed to be underwater, they are placed in a sump pit that has been lined with stones.
When the water levels in the sump pit reach a certain height, the sump pump automatically turns on and expels the water. As soon as the water levels drop, it automatically turns off. A sump pump guards your house around the clock, seven days a week; it is on guard 24 hours a day.
How Does a Sump Pump Work?
· It removes groundwater.
In addition to this, a sump pump will regularly eliminate groundwater intrusion in your home. The sump pumps most common use is to prevent basement flooding. If a sump pump activates, this does not constitute a cause for alarm since the pump is simply doing its job.
In the sump pit, groundwater coming from below and sideways is diverted, where it is sent back to the outdoor area by a pump. Permeable rock-filled drains capture groundwater coming from below and from the sideways.
· Flood water is expelled.
Secondly, while far less common, a sump pump has the potential to remove large amounts of water during an unexpected event. The discharge rates of higher quality sump pumps can reach up to 4,000 gallons per hour.
Accordingly, your home’s sump pump could expel water during a disaster such as minor flooding or a ruptured water supply pipe. However, this rarely occurs. The majority of sump pumps are designed to prevent groundwater contamination.
Sump Pump Maintenance.
At the very least, you should keep an eye on and maintain your sump pump every year. Due to the importance of the sump pump to home, try to check it several times throughout the year to ensure it is working.
During early spring, the groundwater rises due to factors such as winter precipitation and snowmelt. Thus, late winter and early spring are ideal for sump pump maintenance.
Nevertheless, groundwater movement can be challenging to predict, and a host of other factors, including soil type, local pumping operations, and precipitation changes, may also influence aspects. In other words, you should keep an eye on your sump pump all year round.
The electrical connection of your sump pump is equally essential. If the circuit breaker to the pump is turned off, the pump cannot be turned on, even if it is in good working condition. Hence, it is always good to regularly check the GFCI outlets and circuit breakers.
It would help if you took the sump pump out of the basin to clean it thoroughly. The pump’s discharge pipe must first be separated from the pump. To avoid harming the pump or the line, consider using WD-40 to loosen the connection if the tube appears stuck on the pump. Remember that resistance can be a sign that mold is growing near the connecting place. If so, you should use either vinegar or bleach to get rid of the mold, but never use both substances.
What is the best way to maintain a sump pump?
Find the lowest point in your house where your sump pump is located. It is usually in the basement or crawls space in most places. Above-ground sump pumps should never be installed above the ground level.
- Sump pumps can tilt to one side as a result of vibrations. Check that the sump pump is upright and that the float ball can move freely.
- Is there water flowing through the sump pump? The sump pump’s ultimate goal is to keep water in the pit, and the best way to determine that is to pour water into it. If you want the pump to turn on, you must run a generous amount. When the pump activates, stay around to ensure the water is discharged.
- It would be best to connect the sump pump to the electrical system via a GFCI. It is possible for GFCIs to erroneously turn off on their own, rendering your sump pump useless. Ensure that the GFCI is functioning and that power is being provided to the sump pump. Make sure the circuit breaker is working as well.
Sump Pump Replacement: When Should You Replace It?
When is it time to replace your sump pump if it is still functioning but old? There is always debate over whether to return items that are working, but some experts recommend replacing sump pumps every ten years, whether they are working or not.
An ailing sump pump motor may require a complicated and costly repair, or it may have to be replaced entirely. Manufacturers of sump pumps usually offer limited warranties between three and five years.
Solutions to common sump pump problems.
Sump pumps that are not operating correctly are usually relatively inexpensive and straightforward to fix. The fixes are focused on the electrical connection, water intake and discharge, and the float and switch mechanisms.
1. Sump Pump Won’t Turn On.
There may not be enough water to trigger the pump. You may also have a blown a fuse or a tripped circuit breaker on the service panel. Lastly, the inlet valve is not clogged with debris by pulling out the pump.
2. The pump won’t shut off.
Ensure that the float switch on the pump works as it should. Replace the button if necessary. Make sure that the discharge pipe is clear of obstructions. Additionally, if a sump pump runs constantly, it may be undersized. You can only solve the problem by upgrading to a higher-level pump with a more extensive discharge.